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RSE on REM "Republican blood center" of the
Ministry of health of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Contraindications

There are a number of contraindications for donation.



|. ABSOLUTE CONTRAINDICATIONS

(withdrawal from donation, regardless of the duration of the disease and the results of treatment)


  1. 1. Bloodborne diseases:

    1. Infectious:

      - AIDS, HIV infection and persons at risk (homosexuals, drug addicts, prostitutes)

      - Syphilis, congenital or acquired

      - Viral hepatitis, positive test result for markers of viral hepatitis (HBsAg, anti-HCV antibodies)

      - Tuberculosis, all forms

      - Brucellosis

      - Typhus

      - Tularemia

      - Lepra

    2. Parasitic:

      - Echinococcosis

      - Toxoplasmosis

      - Trypanosomiasis

      - Filariasis

      - Rishta

      - Leishmaniasis.

  2. 2. Somatic diseases:

    1. Malignant neoplasms.
    2. Diseases of the blood.
    3. Organic diseases of the central nervous system.
    4. Complete lack of hearing and speech.
    5. Mental illness.
    6. Drug addiction, alcoholism.
    7. Cardiovascular diseases:

      - hypertension II - III degree.

      - ischemic heart disease

      - atherosclerosis, atherosclerotic cardiosclerosis

      - obliterating endoarteritis, nonspecific aortoarteritis, recurrent thrombophlebitis

      - endocarditis, myocarditis

      - heart disease.

    8. Respiratory diseases:

      - bronchial asthma

      - bronchiectasis, pulmonary emphysema, obstructive bronchitis, diffuse pneumosclerosis in the stage of decompensation.

    9. Diseases of the digestive system:

      - achilic gastritis

      - gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer.

    10. Diseases of the liver and biliary tract:

      - chronic liver diseases, including toxic nature and unclear etiology

      - calculous cholecystitis with recurring attacks and symptoms of cholangitis

      - liver cirrhosis.

    11. Diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract in the stage of decompensation:

      - diffuse and focal kidney lesions

      - urolithiasis.

    12. Diffuse connective tissue diseases.
    13. Radiation sickness.
    14. Diseases of the endocrine system in case of severe dysfunction and metabolism.
    15. Diseases of ENT organs:

      - ozena

      - other acute and chronic severe purulent - inflammatory diseases.

    16. Eye diseases:

      - residual effects of uveitis (iritis, iridocyclitis, chorioretinitis)

      - high myopia (6 D or more)

      - trachoma

      - complete blindness.

    17. Skin diseases:

      - common inflammatory and infectious skin diseases

      - generalized psoriasis, erythroderma, eczema, pyoderma, sycosis, lupus erythematosus, blistering dermatoses

      - fungal infections of the skin (microsporia, trichophytosis, favus, epidermophytosis) and internal organs (deep mycoses)

      - pustular skin diseases (pyoderma, furunculosis, sycosis).

    18. Acute and chronic osteomyelitis.
    19. Surgical interventions for organ resection (stomach, kidney, gallbladder, spleen, ovaries, uterus, etc.) and organ and tissue transplantation.
||. TEMPORARY CONTRAINDICATIONS

  1. 1. Factors of infection with bloodborne diseases:

    1. Transfusions of blood and its components (with the exception of burn convalescents and persons immunized to the Rh factor) - REMOVAL 6 months from the day of transfusion.
    2. Surgical interventions, incl. abortion (it is necessary to present a medical certificate {extract from the medical history} about the nature and date of the operation) - WITHDRAWAL 6 months from the date of the operation
    3. Tattooing or Acupuncture Treatment - DETACHMENT 1 year from the end
    4. Stays on business trips abroad lasting more than 2 months - DISCUSSION 6 months from the date of return
    5. Stay in malaria-endemic countries of tropical and subtropical climates (Asia, Africa, South and Central America) for more than 3 months - DIVISION 3 years from the date of return
    6. Contact with patients with hepatitis:

      - hepatitis A - DRAFT 3 months from the date of contact

      - hepatitis B and C - DRAFT 1 year from the date of contact

  2. 2. Past diseases:

    1. Infectious diseases not listed in the section "Absolute contraindications":

      - a history of malaria in the absence of symptoms and negative results of immunological tests - 3 years

      - typhoid fever after recovery and complete clinical examination in the absence of pronounced functional disorders - 1 year

      - sore throat, flu, ARVI - 1 month after recovery

    2. Other infectious diseases not listed in the section "Absolute contraindications" and clause 2.1 of this section, after recovery - 6 months
    3. Tooth extraction - 10 days
    4. Acute or chronic inflammatory processes in the stage of exacerbation, regardless of localization, after stopping the acute period - 1 month
    5. Vegeto - vascular dystonia - 1 month
    6. Allergic diseases in the acute stage, after relief of the acute period - 2 months
  3. 3.The period of pregnancy and lactation - 1 year after childbirth, 3 months after the end of lactation

  4. 4. Menstruation period, from the end of menstruation - 5 days

  5. 5. Vaccinations:

    - vaccination with killed vaccines (hepatitis B, tetanus, diphtheria, whooping cough, paratyphoid fever, cholera, flu), toxoid - 10 days

    - vaccination with live vaccines (brucellosis, plague, tularemia, BCG vaccine, smallpox, rubella, oral poliomyelitis), administration of tetanus toxoid (in the absence of severe inflammation at the injection site) - 1 month

    - administration of immunoglobulin against hepatitis B - 1 year

    - rabies vaccine - 2 weeks

  6. 6.Taking medications:

    - antibiotics, after the end of admission - 2 weeks

    - analgesics, salicylates, after the end of admission - 3 days

  7. 7. Drinking alcohol - 48 hours

  8. 8.Changes in blood biochemical parameters:

    - an increase in the activity of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) less than 2 times - 3 months

    - repeated increase or increase in ALT 2 or more times - removal from donation and referral for examination

    - dysproteinemia - 1 month

  9. There are the following categories of donors:

    1. blood donors;

    2. plasma donors;

    3. donors of blood cells (platelets);

    4. donors with a specific antigenic structure of erythrocytes and leukocytes, blood that is used for diagnostic purposes.