- Information for donors
- Types of blood donation
Blood donation procedure
when it comes to blood donation, be sure to bring an identity document with you
at the place of registration, you need to fill out a questionnaire with questions about your health. When filling out the questionnaire, do not rush, calmly think about the answer to each question.
the questionnaire you fill out is an important document in assessing your health. Our task is to determine whether blood donation is safe for your health, as well as for the patient whose blood components are being transfused.
All information about the donor is confidential!
during a medical examination, the laboratory assistant detects a drop of blood taken from the finger:
- Blood Type;
- blood hemoglobin level;
- conducts a general clinical analysis.
conducted by a transfusiologist:
- measurement of body weight and temperature (norm not less than 36 degrees. C and no more than 37 degrees. C), blood pressure (norm: systolic - within 90 - 140, diastolic - 60 - 90 mmHg.St. column),
- heart rate and frequency detection (from 60 to 80 beats per minute),
- complete collection of Anamnesis, taking into account the data of the"donor questionnaire",
- examination of skin, visible mucous membranes,
- palpation of lymph nodes and abdominal organs,
- auscultation of thoracic organs,
- assessment of the neuropsychiatric status of the donor.
if you have any questions or doubts, consult a transfusiologist who will definitely conduct a medical examination.
based on the data obtained, the question of whether you can give blood (components) is solved.
individual requirements for medical examination of donors; active donors of blood and its components of both sexes:
- every six months-a medical certificate of an outpatient institution at the place of residence or by area
- records indicating diseases experienced in the last half-year;
- 1 time a year-laboratory and clinical analysis of urine, X-ray (or fluorographic) examination of chest organs, electrocardiography data;
- every 3 months - certificate of absence of contact for hepatitis A
- every 6 months - certificate of absence of contact for hepatitis B and C;< / li >
- at each request for blood donation - a certificate of absence of contact for other infectious diseases.
active donor women annually submit a certificate of gynecological status as of the date of issuance of the certificate (serious diseases, surgical interventions, childbirth, lack of pregnancy).
in addition to determining the level of hemoglobin in the blood and blood type in primary plasma donors before plasma donations, its indicators are studied:
- platelet and reticulocyte count;
- total serum protein content-protein fractions in the blood serum.
in case of repeated plasma dachas, the application defines:
- red blood cell shrinkage rate (Soe);
- number of white blood cells;
- serum protein fractions (after every 5 plasmapheresis).
examination of donors before the donation of blood or its components, as well as all stages of preparation of blood and its components, is carried out only with the use of sterile consumables and disposable hemocontainers, which exclude the possibility of infection of the donor.
all prepared donor blood and its components must be checked:
- presence of antibodies and antigens to the human HIV-1 and HIV-2 immunodeficiency virus;
- presence of hepatitis B virus antigen;
- the presence of antibodies to the hepatitis C virus;
- the presence of antibodies to the causative agent of syphilis;
- a biochemical blood test is performed;
-blood is re-examined for group affiliation, Rh factor, and Kell antigen.
only the most modern methods are used to conduct these studies.